The change has come from hand of great suppliers. Telecom giants such as Comcast, AT T or Verizon have allied with administration of Donald Trump to break legal dike that precisely prevented those companies landed imposing ir dictates on traffic and content of network. Under system approved in era of Barack Obama, operator should always offer same deal. You were prevented from blocking access to Web pages, slowing connection or accelerating it under payment. The criterion was fairness. Avoid discrimination. To safeguard neutrality of nervous system of world knowledge. All this is coming down if this Thursday, as everything indicates, change is approved.
The consequences of this deregulation can be profound. "Neutrality in network guaranteed Darwinian competitiveness among all possible uses of Internet in a way that Sobreviviesen best," wrote Tim Wu, professor at Columbia University who coined concept. Knocked down this armory, game of discrimination begins.
Although suppliers have not shown ir plans, door is opened to negotiate agreements with portals, to offer internet services packages similar to those of cable televisions, and that, in end, give more speed to ir partners in Detriment of those who do not. And even to block those who compete with ir offerings.
It rotates neutrality, kaleidoscope of scenarios is almost inexhaustible, but it is summarized in possibility of scales of service and, refore, different prices for user and also for big companies. This last point is particularly delicate. An older complaint from operators is expense generated by larger portals and ir massive use of data. This can give rise to special rates, something possibly assumable by Google, Amazon or Facebook, but onerous for new companies or those in precarious financial situations.
FCC Chairman Ajit Pai, main enemy of network neutrality, has repeatedly denied that changes will increase user's costs, slow speed or allow blocking. Among its arguments are that none of this occurred before 2015 and, on contrary, reform has reduced broadband investment to point that continuing this fall not only jeopardized speed of network but consumer was faced with an increase of prices.
"The withdrawal of neutrality will mean returning to a free and open Internet; The government will stop regulating how providers should handle mselves, and y'll have incentives to face next generation of networks and services, "said Pai.
The control of operators and persecution of unfair or prejudicial practices will fall within Federal Trade Commission, with authority in competition and consumption, while FCC, which regulates telecommunications, shall monitor transparency and Report on your activity regarding traffic and data. Both agencies are independent federal agencies. The majority of FCC is of Republican designation.
Once initiative is approved, re are only two ways to prevent application. The courts or a law. None seems easy to achieve in short term. But opposition front does not cease to be broad and powerful. The Democrats, like big internet companies, consider that deregulation attacks central nerve of network. "The measure can only be believed by those who think that Internet providers will put public's interest in front of ir investors," has come to declare one of FCC's democratic commissioners. "To know what is going to happen just look at how in last decade operators have tried to crush ir competitors," said Tuesday Democratic congressman, Mike Doyle, who has announced introduction of a law to prevent deregulation. An initiative aimed at failing to almost monolithic opposition of Republicans to Obama's reform. Trump's anor hit on his legacy.