Donald Trump has opened door to discord. In a gesture aimed at unleashing anger in Middle East, US president is available, according to American media, to declare this Wednesday to Jerusalem as capital of Israel, although for "logistical reasons" postpones six months transfer of Embassy of Tel Aviv. The warnings of EU and call of French President, Emmanuel Macron, or pleas or threats of practically all of Muslim countries have served nothing. Trump, in anor example of unilateralism, has again demonstrated that he is only faithful to his electoral promises.
Jerusalem is an open wound. A maze from which no one has found way out. 70 years ago, Palestine partition agreement placed city under international administration. But soon western part was occupied by Israel and after six-Day War, in June 1967, also Oriental one. Just one that Palestinians consider ir capital.
In this nest, Trump has played with fire. He has let his intention to proclaim capital of Jerusalem be leaked and has even alerted US embassies to possibility of protesting. Keeping quiet, as it did with its withdrawal from pact against climate change, has allowed stage tension to rise to fullest. The result has been that Middle East and Europe have multiplied pressures to abandon idea, while he, with all gun focuses, sat atop barrel of gunpowder to meditate. It's his way of doing politics.
The decision, which this Wednesday will be communicated in a speech, is crucial. But incomplete. It does not include, according to New York Times, immediate displacement of diplomatic legation to Jerusalem, a movement that was agreed by Congress in 1995, but that "national security" has since n postponed all presidents, including Trump. The White House argues that reason for this postponement is logistical.
In any case, passage, even if it is symbolic, means entering hostile territory. It not only ends with a guideline maintained for decades by United States and its allies, but it ruins, at least in short term, attempts of son-in-law and presidential adviser, Jared Kushner, to forge an agreement in Middle East and to unite countries of Sunni majority like Egypt, Saudi Arabia, or Jordan in creation of an anti-Iranian shield.
In counterpart, Trump reaffirms his proisraeli faith and, as he did in Netanyahu's visit to Washington in February, launches notice to Palestinians that past does not bind him and that his goal in area is to open a new cycle where even two-state solution is Necessary.
It is a radical turn and of high destabilizing capacity. Possibly for this reason, US president dedicated Tuesday to calling Netanyahu, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, as well as King Abdullah of Jordan and Egyptian President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi. Although White House did not elaborate on content of conversations, spokespersons of Abbas, Abdullah and Al Sisi claimed that Trump had informed m of decision.
At forefront of protests, Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who has threatened to retaliate if Jerusalem was recognized as capital of Israel, has been set up se days. "They could go as far as breaking our diplomatic relations with Israel." "It's a red line for Muslim orb," he sentenced.
Less bellicose, although with same doses of indignation, Organization for Islamic Cooperation (OIC), which brings toger Muslim countries, was expressed. In a statement, he warned US that transfer of embassy would mean recognizing this city as capital of Israeli state and ignoring military occupation of East Jerusalem, Palestinian territory. "It would be a brazen aggression," he riveted.
On European side, French president Emmanuel Macron, in telephone conversation this Monday with his American counterpart, recalled that " question of Jerusalem should be regulated within framework of Israeli-Palestinian peace negotiations, aspiring "Especially to creation of two states that live toger in peace and security with Jerusalem as capital." The head of European diplomacy, Federica Mogherini, called for "to avoid any action that would undermine a solution to two states between Israel and Palestine."