Venezuela has begun year struck by effects of serious institutional and economic crisis that strikes country and weakened tensions between regime of Nicolas Maduro and opposition. The new cycle of talks between government and critical forces with Chavismo, launched last September in Dominican Republic, has not made any progress. The internal divisions of Bureau of Democratic Unity (MUD), increase in international pressure and uncertainty about forthcoming presidential elections, which should be held in 2018, are added to this circumstance. Establishing a fluid dialogue remains central premise to try to alleviate this emergency, but next appointment, scheduled for Thursday and Friday of this week, is surrounded by doubts.
Firstly, impact of election of new President of Venezuelan Parliament, a chamber of opposition majority that continues to operate in parallel with National Constituent Assembly driven by Maduro, is still unknown. Omar Barboza, successor of Julio Borges, represents a new time, a formation partisan of dialogue with officialism and that, contrary to criterion of parties of Leopoldo López, Henrique Capriles and Henry Ramos Allup, decided to attend to municipal ones of December. Its purpose is to pacify MUD, but its stance on negotiations with Chavismo can collide with or sensibilities of coalition. This Saturday, opposition deputy Timothy Zambrano, so far one of contacts with executive, resigned his position.
Secondly, this weekend has come a warning from guarantors of that dialogue. It has been Mexico, country in region that has been most active in last year to try to find a negotiated solution to crisis in Venezuela, who has re-sown doubts about future of talks, which weigh even more questions and Incertidum Bres that certainty. The chancellor, Luis Videgaray, said that his country is considering attending next appointment, scheduled for this week, to measures taken by Venezuelan government in recent weeks.
"We have shown our concern about some decisions that Venezuelan government has taken since last round of negotiation, which could question our participation from now on," said Mexican chancellor in an interview, in which He announced that, along with his Chilean counterpart, he had sent a letter to host of negotiations, Dominican President Danilo Medina, in which he was warned.
Videgaray has not clarified what decisions he was referring to, although he slipped that se "are not necessarily congruent with what has been discussed at table." "I hope conditions are given, only through political negotiation will we reach a peaceful solution to extremely serious crisis that Venezuela is experiencing. A crisis of rupture of democratic order and also of economic and social character, "insisted Mexican chancellor.
Mexico has emerged as a key player in search for a way out of Venezuelan crisis. The Chavismo ended up accepting participation of regional power, as a guarantor proposed by opposition, after months of confrontation with government of Enrique Peña Nieto, which at beginning of last year changed its warm speech and was erected in one of Most critical countries with authoritarian drift of Nicholas Maduro. In favor of Mexico It also plays its diplomatic history, coming at least during governments of Felipe Calderón and Enrique Peña Nieto. Mexico was, for example, one of countries that drove meeting on island of Contadora in 1983. Along with Venezuela, Colombia and Panama laid foundations for Pacifying Central America.
Thirdly, this Sunday church also released its own notice to Maduro. Monsignor Diego Padrón, president of Episcopal Conference of Venezuela, transmitted his support to dialogue process, sponsored among ors by Spanish former President José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, but he did not hide his suspicions. "It is in itself valid and necessary, because search for understanding between adversaries, in particular Government and partisan representation of democratic opposition, is reasonable, and is justified to extent that it contributes to change dire situation of country" Said bishop.
Padrón, who reiterated concern of Pope Francis over crisis in country, warned: "This negotiating process does not have majority favor of people. On contrary, it generates suspicion, because people have no confidence in actors, neir in clarity of objectives nor in consistency of ir conditions. There has been a lack of affordable communication and transparency over whole process. Our best wish, however, is for negotiation to reach a credible, weighted and achievable agreement: for example, balanced restructuring of National Electoral Council (CNE) and international guarantee of free, fair presidential elections , and reliable. "